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Glossary - C

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CAA

Civil Aviation Authority.

CAB

Civil Aeronautics Board.

caching

The process of storing inventory data in a temporary repository (cache) for fare quotation. Caching reduces messaging between a carrier's inventory database and a fare quotation system when queries are done for shopping purposes. This process is bypassed when the quoted fare is turned into a PNR.

calculate

A computer program that can add, cancel, copy, or revise groups of fares or rates.

CAR code

Commercial Agreement Reference code. An agreement between specific airlines and agents used in Net Reporting.

carrier

As defined by ATPCO, a carrier is generally an airline (scheduled or chartered), but may also be a rail company or car rental company. It is the owner or service provider for a fare and is identified by an industry-standard alphanumeric code.

Carrier-Imposed (YQ/YR) Fees

A standardized, automated collection, distribution, and pricing method that provides marketing carriers (carriers that appear on the flight coupon) the ability to control and collect fees at the sector (coupon), at the portion of travel (multiple sectors), or on the journey. ATPCO’s application handles fuel and carrier-imposed miscellaneous fees.

CASK

Cost per Average Seat Kilometer. A measure of how expensive it is for airlines to operate any given route. This is calculated by dividing the operating cost per flight by the number of ASKs available on that particular flight. In the United States, CASM (Cost per Average Seat Mile) is used.

CAT

Carrier Accounting Tape; file of accountable transactions sent from ARC to participating airlines.

cat

Abbreviation for category.

category

The structure within the rules system designed to identify various kinds of restrictive information regarding a fare. Restrictions are listed in the FareManager Rules database and are sorted by various categories of application such as day/time and season of travel.

01 Eligibility
02 Day/Time
03 Seasonality
04 Flight Application
05 Advanced Reservations/Ticketing
06 Minimum Stay
07 Maximum Stay
08 Stopovers
09 Transfers
10 Permitted Combinations
11 Blackout Dates
12 Surcharges
13 Accompanied Travel
14 Travel Restrictions
15 Sales Restrictions
16 Penalties
17 Higher Intermediate Point/Mileage
18 Ticket Endorsements
19 Children Discounts
20 Tour Conductor Discounts
21 Agency Discounts
22 All Other Discounts
23 Miscellaneous Provisions
25 Fare By Rule
26 Groups
27 Tours
28 Visit Another Country
29 Deposits
31 Voluntary Changes
33 Voluntary Refunds
35 Negotiated Fare Restrictions
50 Application and Other Conditions

CATO

Consolidated Airline Ticket Office.

CCF Subs

An ATPCO data subscription product that provides subscribers with new carrier, city, or fare class codes and multi airport city relationships to validate before processing fares and related subscription products.

Change criteria

Criteria portion of a query in the Fares system that is coded to find fares and add, modify, cancel, or restore them.

Chart 1

Contains RBD information for the carrier owning the fare (aside from primary RBD) and for secondary carriers participating on the fare. This data provides exceptions to the primary RBD. Same as Record 6 Convention 2.

Chart 2

RBD default information for the marketing carrier who is on the ticket but does not own the fare (the fare owner can be a carrier code or YY). Applies for secondary transportation on another carrier's fare, or for primary or secondary transportation on a YY fare. Same as Record 6 Convention 1.

check-in

The interaction of the customer with the operating carrier system which makes the customer presence known before the flight or service that has been pre-paid.

child

A person who has reached his or her second birthday but not his or her twelfth birthday as of the date of commencement of travel from the journey origin.

CICS

Customer Information Control System. A database of rules and fares information used for automated pricing.

circle trip

1. (two components, Subcategory 102, US/CA Fares) Travel from point A to point B and return to point A using two fare components only. At least one fare component must be priced using half of a round-trip fare. See also combinations.

2. (more than two components, Subcategory 103, US/CA Fares) Travel on a single pricing unit from a point and return thereto by a continuous, circuitous route, using applicable half-round-trip fares. At least one fare component must be priced using half of a round-trip fare. See also combinations.

3. (Subcategory 103, International Fares) Travel on a single pricing unit from a point and return thereto by a continuous, circuitous route, using applicable half-round-trip fares. Circle Trip includes pricing units comprising two fare components that do not meet the conditions of the round-trip definition. See also round-trip. See also combinations.

citizen

A person who has citizenship of a given country, either by birth or naturalization (also called national).

CMOS

Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor.

CNN

Accompanied child (usually age 2-11)

coding conventions

A set of manual standards established to provide consistency in coding data. (A coding convention is not an actual programming edit.)

codeshare

The practice of putting an airline's flight number on a segment that the airline does not operate with its own aircraft. This allows carriers to sell space on other airlines' flights, expanding a carrier's network.

combination

Whenever two or more one-way or round-trip or half round-trip fares are used and shown separately in a fare calculation. See circle trip, end-on-end, half-round-trip, open jaw, and round-trip.

concurrence

An agreement requested of a carrier by another carrier to make tariff changes. A blanket concurrence (also called a preconcurrence) may be secured in advance to cover all future changes.

connection

When a passenger changes planes within a fare component, and the duration of the change is not considered a stopover (established by carrier rules or industry default) (see stopover).

consolidator

An agency that directly negotiates with airlines. The consolidator can be seen as a broker specializing in airline tickets and doing business on behalf of the airlines. A consolidator purchases seats on contracting airlines for resale to other agencies or passengers.

constructed

IATA term for unspecified through fares created by the use of add-on amounts, or two or more fares shown as a single amount in a fare calculation. (ATPCO also refers to this as unpublished.)

contract of carriage

An agreement between a carrier and a passenger that lists all the rights and responsibilities of each party.

corporate ID codes

A code assigned by each CRS and GDS that identifies a particular corporation or company for that CRS or GDS. Currently Corporate ID Codes are used in the Account Code field in Eligibility (Category 1) and Record 8.

coupon

See flight coupon.

criteria set

Fares system tool used to view, add, modify, restore, and cancel fares. Also referred to as the query tool.

CRM

Customer Relationship Management. A business process of identifying, collecting, and analyzing client details to inform decision-making for development, marketing, and sales. Many airlines accomplish this task via frequent flyer programs.

CRS

Computer reservation system (for example, Amadeus, Galileo, Sabre, or SITA). Used by travel agents and others throughout the world, these systems receive coded fare data (which will price electronically) from ATPCO and transmit it to their customers.

CXR

Abbreviation for carrier.

CTA

Canadian Transportation Agency.